Use  Form of Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Trade Secrets Statute

Link to Statute

Alabama

Yes

Ala. Code. §§ 8-27-1 et seq.

(Title 8, Ch.27)

Alabama Trade Secrets Act

Alaska

Yes

Alaska Stat. §§ 45.50.910 et seq.

Alaska Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Arizona

Yes

ARS 44-401-407

(Title 44, Ch.4)

Arizona Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Arkansas

Yes

Ark. Stat. Ann. §§ 4-75-601 et seq. (Title 4, Subtitle 6, Ch. 75, Subchapter 6)

Arkansas Uniform Trade Secrets Act

California

Yes

Cal. Civ. Code §§ 3426 et seq.

California Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Colorado

Yes

Col. Rev. Stat §§ 7-74-101

(Title 7, Article 74)

Colorado Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Connecticut

Yes

Conn. Genl. Stat. §§ 35-50 et seq. (Chapter 625)

Connecticut Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Delaware

Yes

Del. Code Ann. Title 6 §§ 2001 et seq. (Title 6, Subtitle 2, Ch. 20)

Delaware Uniform Trade Secrets Act

District of Columbia

Yes

D.C. Code Ann. §§ 36-401 et seq. (Division 5, Title 36, Ch. 4)

District of Columbia Trade Secrets

Florida

Yes

Fla. Stat Ann. §§ 688.001 et seq. (Title 39, Ch. 688)

Florida Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Georgia

Yes

O.C.G.A.  10-1-760

(Title 10, Ch. 1, Article 27)

Georgia Trade Secrets Act of 1990

Hawaii

Yes

Haw. Rev. Stat. §§ 482B-1 et seq.

Hawaii Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Idaho

Yes

Idaho Code §§ 48-801 et seq. (Title 48, Ch. 8)

Idaho Trade Secrets Act

Illinois

Yes

765 ILCS 1065 (Ch. 765, Sec. 1065)

Illinois Trade Secrets Act

Indiana

Yes

Ind. Code. Ann. §§ 24-3-1

(Title 24, Ar.2, Ch.3)

Indiana Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Iowa

Yes

Iowa 13-5-550.1

(Title 13, Subtitle.5, Ch.550)

Iowa Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Kansas

Yes

Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 60-3320 et seq.

(Ch.60, Ar.33)

Kansas  ACTIONS RELATING TO COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY (Trade Secrets Act)

Kentucky

Yes

KRS 365.880 to 365.900

(Ch.365)

Kentucky Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Louisiana

Yes

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 51:1431 et seq.

(Title 51, Sec.1431,Ch.13-A)

Louisiana Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Maine

Yes

M.R.S.A. Title 10 §§ 1541 et seq. (Title 10, Ch.302)

Maine Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Maryland

Yes

Md. Com. L. Code §§ 11-1201 et seq. (Title 11, Subtitle 12)

Maryland Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Massachusetts

No

MA 15-93-42

(Part 1, Title 15, Ch.93, Sec.42)

Massachusetts Taking of trade secrets

Michigan

Yes

MCL 445.1902 (Ch.445, Act 448 of 1998, Sec. 445.1902)

Michigan Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Minnesota

Yes

Minn. Stat Ann. §§ 325C.01 et seq. (Ch.325C)

Minnesota Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Mississippi

Yes

Mississippi 75-26-3

(Title 75, Ch.26)

Mississippi Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Missouri

Yes

XXVI Mo.Rev.Stat. Sec. 417.450 (Title 26, Ch.417)

Missouri  Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Montana

Yes

Mont. Code Ann. §§ 30-14-401 et seq. (Title 30, Ch.14, Part 4)

Montana  Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Nebraska

Yes

Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 87-501 et seq.

Nebraska Trade Secrets Act

Nevada

Yes

Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 600A.010 et seq. (Ch.600A)

Nevada  Uniform Trade Secrets Act

New Hampshire

Yes

New Hampshire 31-350B

(Title 31, Ch.350B)

New Hampshire Uniform Trade Secrets Act

New Jersey

No

New Jersey  Title 2C:20-1

New Jersey  Code of Crimiinal Justice

New Mexico

Yes

N.M. Stat. Ann.§§ 57-3A-1 et seq. (Ch.57, Ar.3A)

New Mexico Uniform Trade Secrets Act

New York

No



North Carolina

Yes

N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 66-152 et seq. (Ch.66, Ar. 24)

North Carolina Trade Secrets Protection Act

North Dakota

Yes

N.D. Cent. Code §§ 47-25.1-01 et seq. (Title 47, Ch.25)

North DakotaTrade Secrets

Ohio

Yes

Ohio 13-1333-61 (Title 13, Ch.1333)

Ohio Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Oklahoma

Yes

O.S. 86-78 (Sec.86, Ttitle 78)

Oklahoma Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Oregon

Yes

Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 646.461 et seq. (Vol.14, Ch.646)

Oregon Trade Secrets

Pennsylvania

Yes

12 Pa.C.S.A.  5301

(Title 12, Part 5, Ch. 53)

Pennsylvania Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Rhode Island

Yes

R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 6-41-1 et seq. (Title 6, Ch.6-41)

Rhode Island Uniform Trade Secrets Act

South Carolina

Yes

SC ST SEC 39-8-10

(Title 39, Ch.8)

South Carolina  Trade Secrets Act

South Dakota

Yes

S.D. Cod. Laws §§ 37-29-1 et seq. (Title 37, Ch.29)

South Dakota Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Tennessee

Yes

Tennessee 47-25-1701

(Title 47, Ch. 25, Part 17)

Tennessee Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Texas

No

Texas 7-31.05 (Title 7, Ch.31)

Texas Theft of Trade Secrets

U.S. Virgin Islands

Yes

Virgin Islands Code Title 11 Ch16

U.S. Virgin Islands Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Utah

Yes

Utah Code Ann. §§ 13-24-1 et seq. (Title 13, Ch.24)

Utah Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Vermont

Yes

Vermont Titlte 9, Ch. 143

Vermont Trade Secrets

Virginia

Yes

Va. Code. Ann. §§ 59.1-336 et seq. (Title 59.1, Ch. 26)

Virginia Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Washington

Yes

Wash. Rev. Code. Ann. §§ 19.108.010 et seq. (Title 19, Ch.19.108)

Washington Uniform Trade Secrets Act

West Virginia

Yes

W. VA. Code. §§ 47-22-1 et seq. (Ch.47, Ar.22)

West Virginia Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Wisconsin

Yes

Wis. Stat. Ann.  134.90 (Ch. 134.90)

Wisconsin Uniform Trade Secrets Act

Wyoming

Yes

Wyoming  40-24-101 (Title 40, Ch.24)

Wyoming Uniform Trade Secrets Act





Trade Secret Laws-State & Federal

Trade secrets are protected by both state laws-which vary from state-to-state (see below)-and the federal Economic Espionage Act of 1996 (pdf of text) (18 U.S.C. Sec. 1831-1839).

Most states (46) use a version of the Uniform Trade Secrets Act (pdf of text) (UTSA) as a default set of rules to deal with misappropriation of trade secrets. The Uniform Trade Secret Act is part of the states’ civil codes and spells out liability and injunctions to remedy misappropriation. The UTSA defines:  

"Trade secret" means information, including a formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique, or process, that: (i) derives independent economic value, actual or potential, from not being generally known to, and not being readily ascertainable by proper means by, other persons who can obtain economic value from its disclosure or use, and (ii) is the subject of efforts that are reasonable under the circumstances to maintain its secrecy.


The Economic Espionage Act is a criminal statute and makes it a felony to sell, disseminate, or otherwise deal in trade secrets, or attempt to do so, without the owner's consent. The term "trade secret" is potentially much broader than the UTSA definition and means “all forms and types of financial, business, scientific, technical, economic, or engineering information, including patterns, plans, compilations, program devices, formulas, designs, prototypes, methods, techniques, processes, procedures, programs, or codes, whether tangible or intangible, and whether or how stored, compiled, or memorialized physically, electronically, graphically, photographically, or in writing if--(A) the owner thereof has taken reasonable measures to keep such information secret; and (B) the information derives independent economic value, actual or potential, from not being generally known to, and not being readily ascertainable through proper means by, the public[.]” 18 U.S.C. §1839(3).


Apologies: Many of the links are no longer working to retrieve the statutes, these results are mostly shown without the link underline. The good news is that these statutes are generally available for free now and can be found by search engines by referring to the state name and “trade secret law”.


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