More Copyright Types
Visual Arts Works (from http://www.copyright.gov/register/visual.html)
For copyright purposes, visual arts are original pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works, which include two-
Examples of visual arts works:
* Advertisements, commercial prints, labels
* Artificial flowers and plants
* Artwork applied to clothing or to other useful articles
* Bumper stickers, decals, stickers
* Cartographic works, such as maps, globes, relief models
* Cartoons, comic strips
* Dolls, toys
* Drawings, paintings, murals
* Enamel works
* Fabric, floor, and wallcovering designs
* Games, puzzles
* Greeting cards, postcards, stationery
* Holograms, computer and laser artwork
* Jewelry designs
* Needlework and craft kits
* Original prints, such as engravings, etchings, serigraphs, silk screen prints, woodblock prints
* Patterns for sewing, knitting, crochet, needlework
* Photographs, photomontages
* Record jacket artwork or photography
* Relief and intaglio prints
* Reproductions, such as lithographs, collotypes
* Sculpture, such as carvings, ceramics, figurines, maquettes, molds, relief sculptures
* Stained glass designs
* Stencils, cut-
* Technical drawings, architectural drawings or plans, blueprints, diagrams, mechanical drawings
* Weaving designs, lace designs, tapestries
Performing Arts Works (from http://www.copyright.gov/register
Performing arts works are intended to be “performed” directly before an audience or indirectly “by means of any device or process.” Included are (1) musical works, including any accompanying words; (2) dramatic works, such as scripts, including any accompanying music; (3) pantomimes and choreographic works; and (4) motion pictures and other audiovisual works.
Musical works include both original compositions and original arrangements or other new versions of earlier compositions to which new copyrightable authorship has been added.
Pantomimes and Choreographic Works
Choreography and pantomimes are also copyrightable dramatic works. Choreography is the composition and arrangement of dance movements and patterns usually intended to be accompanied by music. As distinct from choreography, pantomime is the art of imitating or acting out situations.
Motion pictures are audiovisual works consisting of a series of related images that, when shown in succession, impart an impression of motion, together with any accompanying sounds. They are typically embodied in film, videotape, or videodisk.
Sound recordings are “works that result from the fixation of a series of musical, spoken, or other sounds, but not including the sounds accompanying a motion picture or other audiovisual work.” Common examples include recordings of music, drama, or lectures. Copyright in a sound recording protects the particular series of sounds that are “fixed” (embodied in a recording) against unauthorized reproduction and revision, unauthorized distribution of phonorecords containing those sounds, and certain unauthorized performances by means of a digital audio transmission.
Serials and Periodicals
For copyright purposes, serials are defined as works issued or intended to be issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely.
Examples of serial works:
* proceedings of societies
For more information from Not Just Patents, see our other sites: